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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Abrasions or Scratches

ABRASIONS OR SCRATCHES

An abrasion is a minor injury, which needs to be cleaned properly to remove dirt, a possible source of infection. Put the injured part under running tap water or pour water from a glass. Wash your hands and clean the wound with soap and water. No medicine is needed for a clean wound, nor the use of spirit, iodine or red medicine (mercurochrome). 

If the child’s booster dose of DPT (triple antigen) or dual antigen (DT) is due, give it now. If he is about 10, give him an injection of tetanus toxoid. A fully immunised child does not need an extra dose of tetanus toxoid. For instance, if he has been given DPT (which contains tetanus toxoid) at the age of 2 and meets with an accident at 3 years, there is no need to give tetanus toxoid.


Dressing Or No Dressing?
I personally believe that a dressing is not needed. However, if you feel that the wound might not remain clean or that it may attract flies, cover it with a sterile piece of gauze, available from the chemist. Keep it in place with a clean bandage or a clean piece of cloth. Check the wound daily and change the gauze. If the gauze or bandage is stuck to the wound, pour boiled and cooled water to remove it.

If the wound is oozing from the beginning, apply an antibiotic skin ointment on it and then put the gauze over it. If the ointment is not easily available, just sterile gauze will serve the purpose. Once the scab is formed, there is no need to cover the wound.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
 
Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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