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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

Although children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are intelligent, they do poorly in school because parents as well as teachers often misunderstand them. Their impulsive behaviour and lack of attention gets on the nerves of others. They are ridiculed for the same and thus they lose their confidence. 

SYMPTOMS: The child must have at least 2 of the 3 important features: Inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. An expert must make the diagnosis before any treatment is started. Once the diagnosis is made, these children can be helped with proper management and do reasonably well in school and later in life.

Unfortunately, the diagnosis is often made wrongly or is delayed. In case of the former, parents and teachers forget that many normal toddlers may appear hyperactive and not bother to concentrate. Hence, the diagnosis of ADHD should not be made till the child has spent a year or two in normal school. Additionally, some drugs can also cause the yperactivity features of ADHD.

ADHD can also be noticed in certain other conditions like rejection by the family, psychiatric disorders connected with depression and anxiety, deafness and visual handicaps.

TREATMENT: Efforts should first be made to manage the child without any medication. Experts plan structured daily programmes for these children. Daily routines are fixed and followed in a consistent manner. Care is taken to see that the child goes to sleep and gets up at fixed hours and has regular timings for his meals and studies. The child gets rewards for his good behaviour. Teachers need to give the ADHD child individual attention. Parents as well as teachers should set up small attainable goals for him to build his confidence and selfesteem. Cases with a definite diagnosis and which do not improve with this approach may require certain specific drugs. When clearly indicated, these drugs are helpful, but they should be given only under expert supervision, so that the dose can be properly adjusted, keeping the possible side effects and efficacy in mind.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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