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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Autism

AUTISM

A disease of uncertain causation, autism (or Pervasive Developmental Disorder) is a developmental disorder of the brain, due to which the child has difficulty in communication and in socialisation. It is much more common than previously thought — the incidence of autism the world over is about 2 per 1000 persons, and is 4 times more common in boys than girls. The exact cause of autism is as yet unknown, but we do know that it is not caused by events after birth, such as a difficult delivery or a certain way of bringing up a child.

Reveals Dr. Vibha Krishnamoorthy, an expert on developmental disorders, “The stereotype of an autistic child being alone in a corner rocking himself or being unable to show affection is not necessarily true. It is now recognised that autism is a ‘spectrum’ disorder that can vary greatly in the way it presents.”

SYMPTOMS: All children with autism have 3 main areas that are affected:

  • Language is usually delayed. Speech may also be unusual, in the form of repeating the same word or phrase over and over again, or repeating the question that was asked. The child may also have difficulty using language meaningfully, such as initiating a conversation, or asking-relevant questions.
  • Socialisation: The child with autism is less interested in socialising with other children than his peers. He may prefer to play alone. There may be difficulty getting him to make eye contact. The child may also have trouble taking turns, e.g. throwing a ball back and forth.
  • Unusual behaviours: Children with autism have a need for sameness. They may prefer to do certain things the same way, such as liking the day’s routine, or lining up their toys in the same way. They may show some unusual behaviours such as rocking, spinning, hand flapping or watching lights.

It is not necessary for a child to have all the above features for the diagnosis of autism.

TREATMENT: Although there is no cure for autism, early diagnosis by an expert is extremely important, as early behavioural and educational intervention can lead to improvements. With help, almost every autistic child will make progress and can lead a satisfying life.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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