Get Adobe Flash player


HomeSite MapSubject IndexFeedbackBuy The Book!  

Birth DeformitiesBack Next
Part 4 as Part 4 in pdf formatpdf
Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Birth Deformities and Congenital Abnormalities

BIRTH DEFORMITIES AND CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES

These two terms are often used interchangeably. Birth defects are rare, usually minor and cause no harm to the baby. The more serious ones include hare lip, cleft palate, congenital heart disease, Down’s Syndrome and spina bifida.

CAUSES: Do not feel guilty if your baby is born with a birth defect; it is usually due to a factor beyond your control. 

Two avoidable causes of birth deformities, however, are the use of alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy. 

Similarly, certain drugs taken during pregnancy, especially during the first 3 months, can cause problems. If you are pregnant, don’t take any drug without first checking with your doctor.

Birth defects could also be due to abnormalities of chromosomes. These are present in the nuclei of all our body cell except the red cells. We have 46 chromosomes. Twentythree are passed to the child from the father and 23 from the mother. These chromosomes carry several genes on which depend our looks, the colour of our eyes and the size of our nose, and also the way different cells in our body function.

Abnormalities of chromosomes can result in certain diseases like Down’s Syndrome. 

If the defect is due to a chromosomal abnormality, and this happens to be your first child, you could not have done much to prevent it.

PREVENTION: Discuss the risk of birth defects with your doctor if you are married to a close relative (consanguineous marriage), if you have diabetes, the thalassemia trait (see Amzemia) or any infection like German measles during pregnancy. 

It is advisable for parents of a child with a birth defect to seek the advice of a genetic counsellor before they decide to have another child, because some defects can occur in more than one child. Your family doctor or paediatrician can guide you in this matter. 

Folic acid taken during pregnancy greatly reduces the chances of the baby being born with spina bifida.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
Testimonials

Home Site Map Subject Index Feedback Buy The Book!    top of page 

© Dr. R. K. Anand