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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Bleeding

BLEEDING

COMMON CAUSES:

Cuts
See Cuts 

Nosebleeds
See Nose-Related Problems

Vomiting Of Blood (Haematemesis)

This could be due to severe bouts of vomiting without any bleeding disorder. It can also be due to drugs like aspirin and certain other pain-relieving drugs, especially if these are taken on an empty stomach. Liver disease and portal hypertension can give rise to dilated blood vessels in the oesophagus and stomach which can bleed.


Blood In Stools
This can be due to a fissure caused by hard motions in a child with constipation. In such a case, the hard stools are streaked with fresh blood. A rectal polyp is another cause for passage of fresh blood in the stools. The typical history is that of a child who passes drops of fresh blood after having passed a motion.


Spitting Of Blood Or Haemoptysis 
This could be due to certain diseases in the lungs. Blood trickling from the back of the nose and brought out from the mouth can also be mistaken for haemoptysis.

MANAGEMENT: For cuts and bleeding from the nose, see sections on Cuts and Nose-Related Problems respectively.

Take your child to a doctor or hospital immediately in these situations:

  • If your child is bleeding persistently or profusely.
  • If the child is bleeding and has unexplained fever, looks severely anaemic, has jaundice, complains of persistent headache or has disturbed consciousness. Such a child could have serious diseases like leukaemia, severe liver disease, meningitis or bleeding inside the skull (intracranial bleed).
  • If there is a history of bleeding in him or other members of the family, or bleeding following minor injuries, or there is spontaneous bleeding from any site without any provocative factors. Such a child may have a hereditary condition called haemophilia. This needs to be fully investigated and managed properly under expert advice.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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