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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Cerebral Palsy (CP)

CEREBRAL PALSY (CP)

A child with cerebral palsy is also sometimes called a spastic child because, in quite a few children with cerebral palsy, the muscles have increased tone. But this is a misnomer because some children with cerebral palsy can also be hypotonic or limp. 

SYMPTOMS: Though the cause is not known in most cases, a child whose brain has maldevelopment or has been damaged during pregnancy, at the time of delivery or soon after birth, runs the potential risk of cerebral palsy. Children who had severe jaundice within 30 hours after birth or those born prematurely can also get this disease.

Unusual stiffness of the body or limpness should alert us to the possibility of CP.

If you notice that your child is slow in learning new skills as compared to his older sibling or children his age, you should consult your doctor to rule out this possibility.

Besides stiffness or limpness, these children can also have other problems like excessive drooling, speech disturbances, dental, eye and hearing problems, convulsions and different grades of mental retardation. However, 50% of children with CP are mentally normal.

MANAGEMENT: Early diagnosis helps in management. However, do not despair if your child’s diagnosis was delayed; a holistic approach to management will benefit the child at any age.

If there is a specialised centre nearby for care of children with CP, your doctor will refer you there for treatment. Otherwise, write to the Spastics Society of India, K. C. Marg, Bandra Reclamation, Mumbai, with the background of the child. They may suggest the centre nearest to your home.

No specific drug is available for CP. But sometimes a drug to reduce the stiffness may be advised. Occasionally, an expert may administer an injection into specific muscles. It is important that this injection be given in the early years of life (preferably in the first 5 years) so that child can learn to walk near-normally. Some children may benefit from surgery. No treatment should be undertaken without expert advice. 

Hearteningly, many children with CP can become useful citizens. With training, most of them learn to look after themselves, though a small number may need supervision for several years.

A child with CP improves much faster if both parents share the responsibilities of his care. Living in a caring joint family can prove advantageous. As a child with CP often needs extra care, there is always a possibility that your spouse or other children may feel neglected, and this can lead to other problems. Guard against this by involving them in the care of the special child.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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