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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Cough

COUGH

Cough in children is often due to viral infections that affect the nose and throat. These settle down within a few days without causing any problem. Yet we cannot ignore the fact that 15% of deaths in India during infancy and from 1 to 5 years of age are due to infections of the respiratory system that includes the lungs.


Six Important Facts To Be Kept In Mind If Your Child Has A Cough

  1. Call the doctor immediately if a child with a cough is breathing over 50 times a minute.
  2. A child with a cough and cold should be encouraged to eat and to drink plenty of liquids. You can reduce the risk of respiratory infections by making sure that your baby is exclusively breastfed for 6 months and continues breastfeeding after that.
  3. A child with a cough and cold should be kept warm (not hot), in an environment free from cigarette smoke.
  4. A good doctor helps you to find the cause of the cough and treats the same, and does not prescribe cough syrups and expectorants.
  5. Cough per se is a helpful phenomenon. Do not try to unduly suppress it. If your child is breathing normally, coughs and colds can be treated at home without drugs.
  6. Most medicines sold for cough and colds are useless and possibly harmful.


Less Serious Causes

  • Cold
  • Smoking
  • Adenoids
  • Habit of clearing the throat
  • Sinus infection
  • Attention–seeking device
  • Tropical eosinophilia
  • Measles
  • Hay fever (see Allergies)

Serious Causes

  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Asthma
  • Tuberculosis
  • Whooping cough
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Foreign body in the bronchi
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula (rare)
  • Croup

The above causes are discussed under individual headings.

Symptomatic Relief Of Cough
As mentioned earlier, cough is a helpful mechanism. Do not try to unduly suppress it without the advice of your doctor. Let your child drink plenty of liquids, including water. Steam is helpful. For symptomatic relief of cough, extract the juice from a dozen or more leaves of the tulsi plant. Give a teaspoon of this juice mixed with honey or jaggery, 4 times a day. If the cough is very troublesome, make a mixture of equal quantities of honey, lime juice and brandy or gin and give ˝ tsp. to 1 tsp. of this mixture 4 times a day. Avoid giving honey to smaller infants, and alcohol if the child has rapid breathing or if your religion forbids it.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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