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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Dengue Fever

DENGUE FEVER

CAUSE: Dengue fever is not common, but it can spread fast. This viral disease is spread by the daytime biting Aides mosquito. The Aides mosquito is an indoor breeder that thrives on clean, stagnant water in storage containers, coolers and flower vases.

SYMPTOMS: In infants and toddlers, the disease presents like any other viral illness with fever lasting up to 5 days, running of the nose, a mild cough and congestion of the throat.

Older children may have more annoying symptoms. The incubation period of the disease is 1 to 7 days. There is a sudden onset of high fever with severe headache and pain in the muscles or joints. The child may get a rash during the first day or two of fever. The child then develops a marked loss of appetite. This may be associated with nausea, vomiting and enlargement of the glands in different parts of the body. The fever may last for about a week, only to reappear again after a day or two. The second episode of fever is rather mild. Severe weakness during the illness and also after recovery is quite characteristic.

Most children recover without much of a problem. A few children may develop a bleeding tendency that can be fatal if left untreated.

TREATMENT: No antibiotic is helpful in this disease. Aspirin should never be given, as it can increase the bleeding tendency. The child only needs rest, frequent small meals, paracetamol and sponging to relieve pain and bring down the high fever. However, hospitalisation is a must if the disease reaches the dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) stage with bleeding manifestations, enlargement of the liver and low count of platelets in the blood.

PREVENTION: All coolers not in use should be kept dry. Water in flower vases should be changed frequently. Water storage containers should be covered with tight-fitting lids. To avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes, see Bites And Stings.
 




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
Testimonials

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