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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Down's Syndrome

DOWN’S SYNDROME

All children with Down’s Syndrome (DS) show developmental delays, but less than 5% of individuals with DS are severely to profundly retarded.

Most such children have a very pleasing personality and get along well with the people they come into contact with. They are able to look after themselves, most can learn to read and are capable of attending a regular school, provided they are given special educational help. About 90% of individuals with DS are capable of working in a supportive employment setting.

SYMPTOMS: Your doctor may suspect the condition at birth. Children with DS have a few typical features like almond-shaped eyes slanting upwards, a fold of skin at the junction of the eye and the nose, a single transverse crease of the palm, a relatively large tongue, generalised hypotonia (limpness) and some other features. A heart defect may also be present.

You may suspect DS because the child may have difficulty in suckling at the breast and may be slow in learning new skills when compared to his siblings or other children. The diagnosis is confirmed by doing a blood test, which reveals abnormality of the chromosomes in the child.

While it is true that the risk of getting a child with Down’s Syndrome increases with rising maternal age, only 3.5% of Down’s births occur to women aged over 35 years. So younger women can also get a child with this syndrome. 

MANAGEMENT: With loving care and training, most of these children can learn many skills under a programme for early intervention. Your doctor will refer your child for such training. Drugs will not be of any help unless the child has proven deficiency of the thyroid hormone or has an infection (Down’s Syndrome children are more prone to infections than normal children). Those having a heart disease may or may not require surgery. At times, congenital abnormalities of the intestinal tract may also need attention.

In case you decide to have another child, certain tests during pregnancy can guide you as to whether your second child could be affected by the same condition or not. Fortunately, all the children with Down’s Syndrome that I have seen so far have had a normal sibling. But the possibility that the second child may also be affected does arise.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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