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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Foot Problems

FOOT PROBLEMS

Flat Foot

Normally, the foot has an arch. Children are said to have flat feet if this arch is not evident. However, infants normally have a pad of fat that hides the arch. Additionally, young children’s feet have very flexible bones and joints. So the feet of such children flatten when they stand, even though you can see the arch if you lift them on their toes. 

Many children are given special shoes for ‘flat feet’. Most such children have normal feet that look apparently flat during infancy and the preschool age. If doubt about this condition persists after 3 years, do see an orthopaedic surgeon.


Rigid Foot

In the case of a rigid foot, which cannot be moved up and down or side to side at the ankle or in the presence of a really tight Achilles tendon, your doctor may like to show the child to an orthopaedic surgeon.


Toeing-In and Club Foot 

If the feet of a child are turned inwards but have normal movement at the ankle joints, they need no treatment. It may be due to a particular position of the baby while he was in the mother’s womb. This condition returns to normal by about 6 months of age. If the toeing-in persists or if it appears rigid, the child may have a condition called ‘club foot’ (congenital talipes equinovarus). This may need an orthopaedic opinion. Such children need repeated plastering. Sometimes, surgery is also indicated.


Shoes 
Although shoes are a necessary evil in the urban world, it is an accepted fact that people who remain barefoot have stronger and more flexible feet compared to those who wear shoes. They also have fewer problems with their feet. So allow your child the joy of walking and running barefoot on safe ground as much as possible.

When you must buy shoes, do not go for fancy, expensive ones. Shoes are only meant to protect your small child from injury and cold. Of course, as he grows older, your child will like to have a smart pair of shoes. Buy him smart ones, but make sure that they are comfortable. Buy shoes later in the day when the feet are likely to be a little heavier than in the morning. The shoe should be a little larger than the exact size of your child’s foot. Keep a margin of about 2 centimetres, but make sure that the shoe does not come off as the child runs or walks. Shoes that have become tight should no longer be used. Shoes should be flat and flexible. For teenagers, cushioned soles may be preferred. Avoid high heels as far as possible. Wide shoes are better than pointed ones. Leather or canvas shoes without plastic material are good for your child’s feet.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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