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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Hepatitis

HEPATITIS

Most cases of hepatitis or inflammation of the liver are due to viral agents (Hepatitis A, B, C, and E virus).

CAUSES: Hepatitis A and E are due to infection by the oral route. The other two are caused by infection due to an infected needle or blood and also through sexual intercourse. A mother having hepatitis B can also pass it on to her newborn through the placenta. Tattooing and ear piercing can also expose people to infection with the hepatitis B virus.

SYMPTOMS: The usual onset is with loss of appetite and vomiting. Fever may or may not be present. The child then develops high-coloured urine and yellow eyes. The jaundice deepens. The skin also becomes yellow. After about 2 weeks of the onset, the appetite starts returning, the urine colour becomes lighter and the child usually recovers after a total duration of about 3 weeks.

Your doctor may ask for a urine examination and some blood tests specially to rule out hepatitis B. Complications with hepatitis A and E are not common. But hepatitis B and C can lead to liver failure or persistent infection and even carcinoma of the liver.

TREATMENT: There is no specific treatment for hepatitis. The child is advised rest at home till the jaundice clears and the appetite returns to normal.

Some doctors place unnecessary dietary restrictions, but I believe that in routine cases, a child who is allowed to eat what he likes recovers faster. Such a child is less likely to feel weak. If the child is not hungry, encourage him to have fruit and rice preparations. If he is vomiting, give him small feeds at more frequent intervals. Drugs for vomiting should be avoided. If vomiting is severe, intravenous fluids may be needed.

Sugarcane juice is not essential. In fact, we have seen children getting new infections from this juice if it is bought from outside. If you are very keen about cane sugar, let the child chew on a piece of sugarcane. Similarly, drinks enriched with glucose are not required.

In case of fever, try to avoid drugs. Even a relatively safe drug like paracetamol can be harmful for the liver. Sponging with slightly warm water may be resorted to. Liver tonics are not required. Any Vitamin B complex preparation may be given for a month.

If the child has much itching, apply calamine lotion on the skin. Your doctor may also prescribe some oral medication.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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