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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

HYPERTENSION (HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE)

Contrary to popular belief, even children can get hypertension, though this is not common. Sometimes, a wrong diagnosis is made if the blood pressure is measured with a cuff of smaller-than-normal size. The cuff is wrapped around the arm of the child to measure the pressure. Also if the child is excited, the higher pressure must be confirmed by taking a few more readings.

SYMPTOMS: Usually, hypertension is accidentally discovered when the child is examined for a routine check-up. Of course, it can also present with symptoms typical of disorders of the kidney, heart, central nervous system and endocrine system. Thus, the child may have blood in the urine, breathlessness on exertion, visual disturbances, headaches or even a stroke.

MANAGEMENT:

  • Confirmation of raised pressure by frequent blood pressure readings in a relaxed atmosphere.
  • Investigations to rule out the cause of hypertension and if proved, treatment prescribed for the same.
  • If the cause is not found, a diagnosis of essential hypertension is made.
  • If the child is overweight, all efforts are made to regulate the child’s diet and to see that he takes active part in sports or other forms of exercise.
  • Salt is restricted in the diet. Canned and fast foods are to be avoided as they have a high amount of salt or fat.
  • If your doctor decides that the child should have long term medication for keeping the blood pressure in check, do follow the advice seriously because high blood pressure, if not treated, can cause complications with damage to the blood vessels of the eyes, kidney and brain. It can also lead to heart failure.

 




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
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Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
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Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
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Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
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Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
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Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
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Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
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Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
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Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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