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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Joint Disorders

JOINT DISORDERS

Sprains affecting joints are discussed under Bones, Joints And Muscle Injuries. Limps and pain in the legs are also discussed under separate headings.

Here we shall discuss conditions giving rise to pain and swelling of the joints. These conditions are grouped under the heading of arthritis.


Bacterial Infections

Acute bacterial infection and tuberculosis can result in arthritis. Arthritis caused by acute bacterial infection is termed septic arthritis. 

SYMPTOMS: It presents with sudden onset of fever (usually high) and painful swelling with restriction of joint movements. It usually affects the hip, knee or ankle joints. In tuberculosis, the swelling may increase gradually and persist for days and weeks.

TREATMENT: Acute septic arthritis needs surgical opinion and treatment with intravenous antibiotics.


Rheumatic Fever

This gives rise to temporary swelling or pain in the joints. Involvement of joints due to this condition is discussed separately under Rheumatic Fever.


Rheumatoid Arthritis
Usually affecting preschool children or adolescents, this condition is discussed fully under Rheumatoid Arthritis.


Haemophilia
Children with clotting defects can also present with swelling of a joint. A history of bleeding tendency in the child or family history aids the diagnosis.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
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Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
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Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
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Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
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Teething and Care of Teeth
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Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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