Get Adobe Flash player


HomeSite MapSubject IndexFeedbackBuy The Book!  

MeningitisBack Next
Part 4 as Part 4 in pdf formatpdf
Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Meningitis

MENINGITIS

This disease, which is fortunately not very common, affects the covering of our brain and spinal cord called the meninges. Pyogenic meningitis (due to pus-producing bacteria) and TB meningitis are the two important causes. A less serious cause is viral meningitis. Pyogenic meningitis often presents with an acute onset. Compared to that, TB meningitis has a slow, rather insidious onset. 

Early diagnosis and treatment of this disease can save a life. Delay can be fatal or the child may be left with serious handicaps.

SYMPTOMS: The disease can affect newborn babies as well as older children. The child who was perfectly well develops a fever. Some of these children may have ear infection with pus-like discharge from the ear. The child goes off feeds (in newborns and younger infants, this may be the earliest symptom, even before the fever). He may be very irritable or listless. An older child may complain of persistent headache. He looks sickly and starts vomiting. Stiffness of the neck may be present. As the disease advances, he may appear drowsy, avoid light (photophobia), lie curled up to one side with his neck arched backwards, become unconscious and develop convulsions.

The soft spot in an infant (anterior fontanelle) often bulges and becomes tense. The child may become dehydrated through lack of intake of food, and vomiting.

TB meningitis shares all these features, except that they develop slowly over days or weeks.

TREATMENT: Hospitalisation is essential for the treatment of meningitis. If a suspicion of meningitis even passes through your mind once, consult your doctor. If he or she also suspects it, the diagnosis will be confirmed by examination of the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) present between the meninges. This is removed from the back by putting a needle in between the two lower spinal vertebrae.

We have effective drugs for both pyogenic and TB meningitis. Most cases of viral meningitis, unless complicated by encephalitis, recover completely. With early treatment, those with pyogenic or TB meningitis often recover fully. This is true even in newborn babies, though they have a poorer prognosis as compared to older children.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
Testimonials

Home Site Map Subject Index Feedback Buy The Book!    top of page 

© Dr. R. K. Anand