SYMPTOMS: This disease may herald with a swelling below one or both ears. It is quite
painful. The child may
have pain while chewing or opening the mouth. He is likely to have
had contact with a child having mumps. The swelling is
because of the saliva-producing glands (parotid glands) and lasts
for about 10 days. The illness often starts with fever, loss of appetite,
nausea, vomiting, and headache to be followed with
parotid swelling within a day. But some children may only have swelling of the gland. If the child has had the MMR
(measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine in the past and swelling is
noticed below the jawbone rather than the ears, the diagnosis
may be different. Let your doctor decide. If the enlargement of
the glands below the jawbone is due to throat infection, the
doctor may offer the child antibiotics.
TREATMENT: Mumps does not
need any treatment, except pain management. Paracetamol and soft foods
(fruits, juices, soups, khichdi,
curds) are advised.
Complications Of Mumps
Mumps can occasionally get complicated with involvement
of the brain, testes and pancreas. A testicular involvement
is seen only in adolescents and not in younger children.
Consult your doctor if a child with mumps gets acute pain in the abdomen, swelling of the scrotum, or
starts behaving abnormally.
Prevention Of Spread Of Mumps
Mumps spreads fast. The patient is infectious from 1 or
2 days before the onset of illness and remains infectious until
the parotid swelling disappears.
11 February, 2013