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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Nephrotic Syndrome

NEPHROTIC SYNDROME

This disease of the kidney generally affects preschool children.

SYMPTOMS: A typical case is of a child between 18 months and 5 years whose mother finds that he has swelling of the face, which is more marked on waking up in the morning. She then realises that he has not been his normal self lately and has been eating poorly. She also notices that the child is passing less urine and the swelling is increasing each day till his whole body is swollen. The doctor gets his urine and blood examined and finds large amounts of protein in the urine with corresponding decrease of protein in the blood.

With treatment, almost all children with this disease improve dramatically. Unfortunately, even with the best possible treatment, relapses are very common. Most patients, however, do get cured after one or more attacks.

TREATMENT: Although we are not sure of the cause of this disease, almost all children with nephrotic syndrome are given corticosteroids with excellent response. New drugs are also sometimes prescribed. If the swelling is marked, drugs (diuretics) to increase the urine output may be needed. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics if he suspects bacterial infection that children are often prone to. Corticosteroids are not given to children with nephrotic syndrome whose blood test for hepatitis B is positive.

In a child with nephrotic syndrome, an attack of any viral infection can also lead to a temporary swelling of the body. Your doctor may wait for some time before starting any medication.

A trace of protein in the urine in the absence of swelling of the body can be ignored. It may be worth noting that strenuous exercise by young children can lead to a temporary excess of protein secretion in urine. 




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
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AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
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Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
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Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
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Premature Baby
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Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
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Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
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1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
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