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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Nose-Related Problems

NOSE-RELATED PROBLEMS

Bleeding From The Nose (Epistaxis)

CAUSES: Nosebleeds can occur because of direct injury to the nose and due to nose picking. Sometimes, it may also be a manifestation of a generalised bleeding disorder, or because of an infection or a foreign body in the nose.

TREATMENT:
Step 1: Do not show any panic. Let the child sit up in bed or on a chair or on the floor. He should be leaning slightly forward.

Step 2: Pinch the nose for at least 10 minutes. The child can open his mouth if he likes. Often, the nose bleeding will stop with this procedure.

Step 3: If bleeding continues, try to get in touch with a doctor. In the meanwhile, take some cotton, roll it into a thick wad large enough to occupy the nostril which is bleeding. Leave a part of this wad of cotton outside the nose. If some hydrogen peroxide is available, moisten the cotton with it or lubricate it with Vaseline. But do not waste precious time searching for these things. Just a wad of cotton will serve the purpose. Again, pinch the nostril for at least 10 minutes, keeping your child upright. After the bleeding stops, leave the cotton in the nostril for the day or overnight. Then take it out gently. Make sure that the child does not pick at the nose.

Step 4: If the bleeding still continues, you should see your doctor. In the meanwhile, you may try pressing on the big vessels that go up the nose. Put a wad of cotton between the upper lip and the gums below the nose and press firmly on the cotton from outside. 

PREVENTION: Keep the child’s nails short and explain to him that he should avoid picking his nose. If you notice a crust near the opening of the nose, apply Vaseline on it. A child who bleeds in a particular season may be helped by application of Vaseline inside the nose, twice a day, all through the season. 


Foreign Body In The Nose

Toddlers tend to put small beads, pebbles, buttons, etc. into their nostrils. They may or may not tell you about it. A few days later, a foul discharge comes from the nostrils, sometimes accompanied by blood. 

MANAGEMENT: If the foreign body can be seen near the opening of the nose, attempt to remove it with tweezers. Otherwise, press against the clear nostril and ask the child to blow out forcefully from the blocked side. If even this does not help, take the child to the casualty department of a hospital for the removal.


Direct Injury To The Nose 
Apply cold compresses with ice for about an hour. 

See your doctor if you find that there is obstruction to free flow of air through the nostrils, or if you notice any obvious deformity.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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