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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Poisoning

POISONING

MANAGEMENT: Here we shall deal with the steps to be taken if you suspect that your child has been handling some poisonous substances or has consumed them:

Step 1: Remove the poisonous substance from his system. If he has some of it in his mouth, remove it with your fingers. If the child can understand, ask him to spit it out. Preserve this stuff along with the poisonous substance that is in his hand or is lying near him. Your doctor will need to check its contents.

If the child has spilled some poisonous substance on his body, remove the clothes and pour water (not hot) on his skin as you would in managing a case of burns.

If the poison has gone into his eye, wash it with water. Keep washing the eye for about 15 minutes.

Step 2: After having taken these first steps, ring your doctor and ask him if you should make the child vomit. His advice is needed because vomiting is not advisable if the child has swallowed acids used for cleaning the toilet sink or alkalis used for washing dishes. In such cases, your doctor will probably advise giving milk or water. 

If your doctor advises you to make the child vomit, give him a drink of salt water. The best way to make the child vomit is to give him syrup of ipecac. Unfortunately, it is not easily available at a chemist. If you can procure a bottle of it, keep it handy at home. If your doctor is not available and you have ruled out the ingestion of acids or alkalis, give 3 teaspoons of this medicine followed by a glass of water. If he does not vomit after 20 minutes, give one more dose. As soon as the child vomits, collect the vomit in a vessel and preserve it to be handed over to your doctor for inspection and testing.

Step 3: After following the first two steps, take the child to the nearest hospital for further management. You must take with you the remaining poisonous substance and the amount removed with your fingers or the stuff vomited by the child. The doctor would also like to know the possible amount of poison taken by the child and the likely time when he might have ingested it.

After taking a quick history and checking your child, the doctor may decide to send you home, or do a stomach wash to remove the remaining poison from his stomach, or he may decide to admit the child in the hospital.

Step 4:
If you are sent home with your child, observe him closely for the next 12 hours for any abnormal behaviour, convulsions, breathing difficulty, persistent vomiting or failure to pass urine. If in doubt, consult your doctor or take your child to the hospital again.

PREVENTION: Prevention of poisoning is discussed in the chapter on PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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