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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  



Babies who are born before the expected time are called premature babies. They normally weigh less than 2.5 kgs. at birth. But in our country, quite a few babies who are born at the expected time also weigh less than 2.5 kgs. All low birth weight babies, especially those below 1.8 kgs. and those born 2 months before full term need special care in a hospital.

MANAGEMENT: A warm environment, protection from infection and adequate nutrition are the most important steps in the management of a .

Because of less fat, a can get cold. For warmth, the baby is either kept in an incubator or in a heated room. An incubator can be a source of infection in many settings. Therefore, some doctors prefer to keep the room warm with the help of a heater. A temperature of 28ºC to 30°C is maintained in the room. The aim is to keep the baby’s armpit temperature at between 36.5°C to 37°C (98°F to 99°F).The baby’s head and feet must be well covered. Another good way to keep the baby warm is to let him sleep with the mother. She can also carry the baby next to her body, inside her clothes, between her breasts, in what is called the ‘kangaroo position’. The baby should be sponged, not bathed till he weighs 2.5 kgs. A baby with proper temperature has pink and warm soles and palms. Blue or cold palms and soles may indicate that the baby either has some infection or is not being kept adequately warm.

A is more prone to infections. For prevention of infections, all those who handle the baby must wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water. Visitors should be avoided. But the mother must be allowed to handle the baby. If the baby is too premature, you must at least touch the baby often, as per your doctor’s advice. The skin-to-skin contact with the baby is helpful for you as well as for him.

For proper nutrition, your breast milk is best for your (see the chapter on FEEDING THE NEWBORN AND INFANTS).

Jaundice and eye problems (retinopathy in eye) are more common in a . Your doctor will keep a close watch on the baby in case any intervention is necessary. To detect retinopathy of prematurity, initial screening should be done at 7 weeks of chronological age or 34 weeks of postconceptional age— whichever comes first —but not before 5 weeks of chronological age.

Premature babies receiving human milk may need supplementation with iron, calcium and vitamins A, C and D.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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