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Part 4: Keeping Your Child Healthy  >  The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses  >  Short Child

SHORT CHILD

The normal height of children is detailed in the chapter on NORMAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

CAUSES: If the height of a child is less than expected, the following are the more likely causes:

  • Small size of parents
  • Small size at birth
  • Chronic infections
  • Bronchial asthma and congenital heart disease (CHD).


Small Size Of Parents

A child may take after his mother or father who is short. The child may have a sudden increase in height as he enters his teens.


Small Size At Birth 

Children with low birth weight and length are likely to remain small, even if they are born at the expected time (small for date babies).


Chronic Infections
Undiagnosed and untreated chronic infections like a urinary infection can be responsible for poor gain in weight and height.


Bronchial Asthma And Congenital Heart Disease (CHD)
Severe bronchial asthma as well as CHD can cause shortness of stature.


Less Common Causes
Hormonal disorders like hypothyroidism and growth hormone deficiency, though uncommon, must be diagnosed and treated promptly. Certain chromosomal disorders and hereditary disorders affecting the skeleton can also result in stunted growth.

TREATMENT: Besides treatment of an obvious cause for shortness, there are no specific measures to increase height. 

Swimming and exercise are desirable, but one should not expect that the child’s height will increase by such methods. The same is true for a healthy diet. Of course, if a child has been ill fed from an early age, his height and weight will have been affected. But pushing the child to eat more does not help.

Vitamins and iron, unless indicated for specific reasons, are not helpful in increasing height. 

Similarly, drugs to stimulate appetite like cyproheptadine and anabolic steroids are of no use and can, in fact, be harmful. A growth hormone is sometimes given, if indicated, under the close supervision of a paediatrician or an endocrinologist.




7 March, 2016

 
Part 4
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses

Abdominal Pain
Abrasions or Scratches
Acute Glomerulonephritis
Acute Nephritis
Acute Watery Diarrhoea
Addictions
Adenoids
AIDS
Allergies
Anaemia
Anorexia (Poor Appetite)
Asthma
ADHD
Autism
Backache
Bed-Wetting (Enuresis)
Birth Deformities
Bites and Stings
Bleeding
Bone, Joint and Muscle Injuries
Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
Breathlessness
Bronchiolitis
Burns
Calcium Deficiency
Cancer
Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Chickenpox
Choking
Circumcision
Cleft Lip and Palate
Common Cold
Congenital Heart Disease
Constipation
Convulsions or Fits or Seizures
Cough
Croup
Crying
Cuts
Dengue Fever
Diabetes Mellitus
Diarrhoea, Dysentery ...
Diphtheria
Down's Syndrome
Earache, Ear Infections ...
Electric Shock
Encephalitis
Eye Problems
Fears
Foot Problems
German Measles (Rubella)
Glands in the Neck ...
Headache
Head Injury
Hepatitis
Hydrocephalus
Hypertension
Hypospadias
Influenza (Flu)
Jaundice
Joint Disorders
Kala-Azar
Leptospirosis
Limp and Pain in the Legs
Malaria
Malnutrition (Undernutrition)
Measles
Meningitis
Meningomyelocele
Menstrual Problems
Mental Retardation (MR)
Mouth To Mouth Breathing
Mumps
Nephrotic Syndrome
Nose-Related Problems
Obesity
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Premature Baby
Prolapse of the Rectum
Rabies
Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rickets
Short Child
Skin Conditions
Sleep and Sleep Problems
Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
Splinters
Stammering
Stridor (Noisy Breathing)
Teething and Care of Teeth
Tetanus (Lock Jaw)
Thrush
Thumb-Sucking
Tics
Torticollis
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Tropical Eosinophilia
Tuberculosis (TB)
Typhoid
Umbilical Problems
Undescended Testis
Urinary Infection
Vaginal Discharge
Vomiting
Wheezing
Whooping Cough (Pertusis)



Part 4
Keeping Your Child Healthy
Choosing A Paediatrician
Proper Use of Medicines
Home Remedies
A First Aid Kit
The A-Z of Childhood Illnesses
Psychological Concerns
Managing A Hospital Stay
Emergencies
Prayer And Your Child's Health
The Role of Nature Cure
Homoeopathy
Ayurveda and Child Care
Congenital Heart Disease FAQ
 
Guide to Child Care
Home
Introduction
1 Pregnancy, Childbirth ...
2 The Growing Years
3 Feeding Infants, ...
4 Keeping Your Child Healthy
5 Keeping Your Child Happy
About Dr. R. K. Anand
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